Embroidery utilizes three different types of stitches, often in conjunction with each other. Each stitch type plays a different role in shaping the finished design.
The Fill Stitch
The fill stitch is the kind of stitch used to fill a large area with a solid color. It’s the foundation and the background for badge shaped embroidery projects. For some embroidery projects, a fill stitch in the appropriate shape is first applied to the garment. Thin fabrics and fabrics with a high pile (like fleece) can’t be directly embroidered. Fleece swallows details, and soft fabrics bunch up. A fill layer gives the embroidery a solid place to sit, ultimately making the details more visible.
The Satin Stitch
Satin stitching is used to create lettering or outlines for embroidery. The colored border around an embroidery patch or logo is usually a satin stitch. Satin stitching reinforces the edges of a design while providing beautiful contrast.
The Running or Walking Stitch
Running or walking stitches make details look hand stitched onto a garment. When you picture traditional style floral embroidery designs, you’re imagining the running stitch.